Australia’s largest corporations are on the rise.
A new report has revealed that, while companies have increased their investments and revenues, they are paying the same amount of tax as the rest of the country.
The ABC’s Marketplace Business shows the big winners and the big losers.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has published the latest figures on the top and bottom earners in the country, and found the top 1 per cent of taxpayers had $2.9bn in income and $1.6bn in capital gains tax.
The top 1.5 per cent had $1bn in net profit and $837m in capital losses.
In terms of tax rate, the top 0.1 per cent paid an effective tax rate of 11.3 per cent, the lowest rate in the OECD.
The report shows the average taxable income per Australian is $31,000, and the average tax rate paid was 7.1.
The average tax revenue per Australian was $3,300.
“Australia’s tax system has been broken down by its level of inequality,” said Dr David McKeon, senior economist at the University of Sydney.
“The top 1 percent of taxpayers pay significantly more in tax than the bottom 60 per cent.”
The Australian Council of Social Service said there was “no justification” for high tax rates on Australians.
“We know the majority of Australians are working hard, and this should not mean a tax burden on those who need help the most,” it said.
The report also found the richest Australians pay the highest effective tax rates, with the top one per cent paying $13,000 in income tax and the top 5 per cent pay $12,000. “
This is why we need a national strategy to tackle inequality, and not just a national response.”
The report also found the richest Australians pay the highest effective tax rates, with the top one per cent paying $13,000 in income tax and the top 5 per cent pay $12,000.
The OECD average tax rates for all tax filers were 15.5.
“A simple analysis of the top tax brackets, as well as the effective tax levels paid, indicates that, for the most part, people on the low end of the income distribution are paying more than the people on top,” it added.
“As a result, there is an overall burden on the most vulnerable Australians.”
The report also highlighted how some businesses were using their profits to reduce tax liabilities by increasing dividends.
The government has proposed that corporate profits should be taxed at a rate of 10 per cent and the capital gains rate should be reduced to 5 per a cent, to help pay for a massive public sector pay-down.
The tax cuts would be paid by the richest 1 per 100 Australians, and a further $1,600 a year would be put back into the economy to pay for the new pension scheme.
The biggest winners in Australia The biggest losers in the past decade?
AAP/ABC Source: ABC News: Business Insider The ABC Marketplace Business podcast has more.
The biggest winners: In 2012, the year after the Rudd government introduced the so-called ‘tax cut package’, the top earners paid an average tax of $28,600, while the bottom 50 per cent received $11,000 more in income.
In 2017, the Abbott government proposed to increase the tax rates to 10 per of a dollar and reduce the capital losses rate to 5 percent.
But while the top marginal tax rate is increasing, the number of taxpayers earning above the top 25 per cent income tax rate has increased by 10.7 per cent.
ABS/ABC News: ABC Business News.
At the same time, the total tax revenues paid by all Australians increased by $1 billion.
Tax revenue is an important measure of the economy, because it tells us how much tax a country is taking in, and what it is paying out, Dr McKeo said.
If we don’t know how much we are paying in taxes, then we cannot know what we are going to get out of the tax cuts.
“It is also the reason why tax cuts don’t have the impact that they should, as we don�t know how big they are going on.”
It shows that the tax system is broken, and that we need to invest in it to improve it.
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